Research Themes
Ethics / Independence

ILA Study Group

Judges Biographies

ICC Discussion


Relevant articles
spawned by PICT

Bibliography and other Research Material

In the news
C. Booth / Sands P., “Keep Politics out of the Global Courts”, The Guardian, July 13, 2001.

Mackenzie, R./ Sands P., “International Courts and Tribunals and the Independence of the International Judge”, Harvard Journal of International Law, Vol. 44, 2003, pp. 271-285.

Miller, N., “Independence in the International Judiciary: General Overview of the Issues”, Background Paper for the meeting of the ILA Study Group (February 2002).

• “The International Judge: Independence and Accountability”, The Law and Practice of International Courts and Tribunals, special symposium issue, Vol. 2, 2003